Cindy Pham

PHOTOGRAPHY



DEFINITION:
Photography is the art, science and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film
ETYMOLOGY:
Sir John Herschel in a lecture before the Royal Society of London, on March 14, 1839 who made the word "photography" known to the world. But in an article published on February 25 of the same year in a German newspaper called the Vossische Zeitung, Johann von Maedler, a Berlin astronomer, had used the word photography already. The word photography derives from the Greek φωτός (phōtos), genitive of φῶς (phōs), "light" and γραφή (graphé) "representation by means of lines" or "drawing",together meaning "drawing with light"
WAYS PHOTOGRAPHY IS USED:
- make memories for people
- record changes is history
- capture beauty
- create art
INDUSTRIES THAT USE PHOTOGRAPHIES:
- photo journalism
- adverstising
- news
- magazines
DIFFERENT TYPES OF PHOTOGRAPHY:
- abstract
- macro
- architectural
- portrait
- landscape
- nature
SKILLS NEEDED FOR JOBS AND PROFESSION RELATED TO PHOTOGRAPHY:
- basic knowledge of how to use a camera
- sense of composition
- sense of colors
- ability to look beyond the obvious
- appeciation of technology
- love of trial and error
- patience





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Maybe it's the way the sunlight hits and glows on her golden brown locks,
or the blurred background making your eyes direct to her,
perhaps its the way her white wedding dress tool careful shapes and
flows its self from the corner of the picture outwards.
But wherever she may be running to in such motion that you could almost feel,
whether she has just finished throwing her bouquet of flowers back into the crowd of single women
or perhaps running away from her altar because she has come to the realization
that whom she's about to marry isn't the person she truly loves -
this photograph expresses her motion in a way that radiates happiness,
and for that - I think this photograph is amazing.







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I love how this picture isn't shot at any special angles
or has cool lighting, but is just appealing to look at.
I think this photograph gives a very refreshing vibe,
and I think this is because of the cool colours associated in the picture
and also the calm white lighting.
The background is blurred and therefore gives you
the chance to reallly draw your attention to his outfit.
A crisp, clean and proper attire.
A simply attractive photograph.




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Jellyfishes are so beautiful.
I love the colour of this background
and how it contrasts with the color of the jellyfishes.
The blurred and more faded jellyfishes in the background
gives a very mysterious and aloof impression.
I love how the jellyfishes glow and they're tentacles are tangled with each other's.









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I like how this photograph is in black and white.














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PHOTOGRAPHY TIPS AND TRICKS/DO'S AND DON'TS
  1. Less is More– don’t take too much equipment and travel light. It’ll make you less obtrusive and you will be able to move around for the best shot quickly.
  2. Off the Beaten Track– don’t just go to all the touristy shots – try to get ‘behind the scenes’ and ‘real life’ scenes.
  3. Stolen Moments– anticipate moments between people before they happen.
  4. True Colours– black and white is often where it’s at with street photography but at times colourful situations arise and can really make a shot – be on the look out for these.
  5. In the Background– what’s goign on behind your subject can actually ‘make’ the shot. Billboards, signs, graffiti and other visual elements can really make a statement in a shot.
  6. Dare to Go Diagonal– don’t just hold your camera horizontally – experiment with angles. Street photography is a less formal medium – make the most of it.
  7. Opposites Attract– shots which challenge the ‘norm’ in terms of composition and story/subject matter can be powerful. Look out for ‘surprising’ subject matter and composition.
  8. What a Performance– street performers, parades and other street entertainment can be great subject matter on the street.
  9. Off the Streets– other places where people gather in number can lead to great shots in this genre – zoos, fairs, shows, parks, sporting events etc all can be worth trying.
  10. New Angle– find ways to get up high or down low – these new perspectives on subjects that are familiar can lead to eye catching shots.
  11. Practice makes Perfect– over time and with practice your photography will improve. You’ll not only get better at technique but also spotting the things to focus upon on the street.
  12. Fortune Favors the Brave– sometimes the best thing you can do is to get close to your subject – this can be a little confronting but will produce powerful images
  13. Fun in the Sun– often we try to avoid shooting into the sun and the shadows that direct sunlight can produce – in street photography breaking these ‘rules’ can lead to great shots.
  14. Ready to Pounce– have your camera out and ready to shoot at all times. Things can move quickly on the street so if you’re not ready you’ll miss lots of opportunities.
  15. Revise the Revisit– street photography is not all about spontaneity – if you see a scene with potential don’t be afraid to keep coming back to it until you get the shot.
  16. Frozen Motion– the street is a place of movement – to capture it and still get sharp shots make sure your shutter speed is fast enough. 1/125 or more with an ISO of 400 is what this article recommended as a base. I also think it can be fun to experiment with slower shutter speeds on the street – capture the movement as blur.
  17. Street Wallpaper– blend in with the scene – shoot unobtrusively and unnoticed.
  18. Life Through a Lens– ‘exaggerating perspective will help set your subject in context and provide a more forgiving depth of field’ – use a wide angle lens (or even a fisheye).
  19. Expect the Expected– people can be suspicious of street photographers so shoot in places where people expect to see people doing photography. Smile, be polite and be willing to delete images if people protest.
  20. Location, Location, Location – really this is what it is all about. Choose places where people interact with one another and times when they are present.


Source: http://www.digital-photography-school.com/20-quick-street-photography-tips#ixzz1nnfpu0oH



PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN

- balance:
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- graduation:
Gradation of size and direction produce linear perspective. Gradation of of colour from warm to cool and tone from dark to light produce aerial perspective. Gradation can add interest and movement to a shape. A gradation from dark to light will cause the eye to move along a shape.
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- repitition:
Repetition with variation is interesting, without variation repetition can become monotonous.
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- contrast:
Contrast is the juxtaposition of opposing elements eg. opposite colours on the colour wheel - red / green, blue / orange etc. Contrast in tone or value - light / dark. Contrast in direction - horizontal / vertical.
The major contrast in a painting should be located at the center of interest. Too much contrast scattered throughout a painting can destroy unity and make a work difficult to look at. Unless a feeling of chaos and confusion are what you are seeking, it is a good idea to carefully consider where to place your areas of maximum contrast.
- dominance:
Dominance gives a painting interest, counteracting confusion and monotony. Dominance can be applied to one or more of the elements to give emphasis
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- harmony:
harmony in painting is the visually satisfying effect of combining similar, related elements. eg.adjacent colours on the colour wheel, similar shapes etc.
- unity:
Relating the design elements to the the idea being expressed in a painting reinforces the principal of unity.eg. a painting with an active aggressive subject would work better with a dominant oblique direction, course, rough texture, angular lines etc. whereas a quiet passive subject would benefit from horizontal lines, soft texture and less tonal contrast.
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  • The Elements of design can be thought of as the things that make up a painting, drawing, design etc. Good or bad - all paintings will contain most of if not all, the seven elements of design.
The Principles of design can be thought of as what we do to the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.



TYPES OF CAMERA ANGLES:

  • 1. Camera Angles, Shot types On location.
  • 2. This is the Camera Angle andShot type on location list forour scenes. This clearly depictswhat angles and shots we areusing in filming.
  • 3. • Below is a mini description of a variety of shots some of which my group has used.Extreme Wide shot:The view is so far from the subject that he isnt even visible. Often used as anestablishing shot.In our trailer, the establishing shot we are using is of a gothic victorian building usingnatural dark lighting highlighting the ivy on the building. This is because we want toset the scene and connote the genre creating an immediate feeling of tension and fearfor the audience.
  • 4. • Long Shot:• The subject takes up the full frame, or at least as much as comfortably possible.• We will use this shot predominantly in our montage scenes and in one long shot as Jenny is going home this will be used to emphasize the build up of tension and hint to the audience of an impending danger.
  • 5. • Mid Shot:• Shows some part of the subject in more detail while still giving an impression of the whole subject.• This shot will be used in conjunction with several reverse shot reverse in the class room scene where Sophia joins a table and meets the main characters.
  • 6. • Medium Close Up:• Halfway between a mid shot and a close up. This shot will be held in reserve as it will give a different effect and focus to the trailer intended to unsettle the audience or for characterisation.
  • 7. • Close Up:• A certain feature or part of the subject takes up the whole frame. A close up will be used to emphasize the facial expressions on the protagonists and connote the atmosphere to the audience.
  • 8. • Extreme Close Up.The close up shows extreme detail. This will be held in reserve but as a shot could be used to scare the audience.
  • 9. • Two Shot:• A shot of two people, framed similarly to a mid shot.• In the trailer a two shot will be used to shoot a bit of dialogue and inform the audience of crucial information.
  • 10. • Over the Shoulder shot:• Looking from behind the person at the subject.• An over the shoulder shot will be used with a pan in the class room scene to introduce the main protagonist.
  • 11. • Point of view shot:• Shows a view from the subjects perspective. A point of view shot will be held in reserve as an effect to show judgement and to root the audience against a character.

TYPES OF SHOT LENGTHS: