PHOTOGRAPHYBy Chao Li
Definitions:Photography - The art, science, or practice of taking and producing images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiations and processing photographs.The word photography was developed by Sir John Herschel on march 14, 1839. The word Photography was already used before by Johann Von Maedler in a German Newspaper called vossie Zeitung.
The word photography originated from the Greek phōtos and graphé. These two words means light and drawing, together it means "drawing with light".
Uses:- Saviour A Moment- Advertising- Express Emotions through a single picture- Tell Stories- Send Messages- Entertainment
Industries:- Art- Marketing- Medial - Teaching- Fashion- Government- Food- Probably Everything else
Types Of Photography:- Aerial- Adventure- Amature- Animal- Architecture- Artistic- Astrophotography- Aura- Black&White- Camera Phone- Commercial- Documentary- To Find more Please Click Here
Skills:- Pick out quality images- Ability to manipulate images- Element of designs- Concentration
5 Images:


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external image amazing-non-photoshopped-photos-04.jpgThis picture does not have much color but it still looks amazing. The amazing shadow/reflection in the water. The images of shadows stands out really well because of the blue setting.


external image notphotoshoped8.jpgWhat makes this photograph stands out is the person holding the cloud, the fact that one man simply can't just touch the cloud.The color in this photo is really good, it gives off a peaceful setting.

external image distance.jpgThis photograph stands out very well because of the usage of lighting.The color used shows the setting of a bright cold morning walking by the mountains.This photograph seems to give a meaning of how far the mountain really is by the lighting in the middle of the picture.

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This photograph stands out very well by the colors of the volcano erupting.The way this photograph was taken is by a far shot, this was chosen really well because it was able to capture so much detail.

external image elephant.jpgThe way this photograph stands out is the usage of the water, this creates a beautiful effect.This image only consist of black and white this makes it easier to emphasis on the water.
Tips and Tricks:-Try to get all the details-Get a nice background-Try getting an angle where light is going through to emphasis on a certain spot-Try using a darker setting to get a better shadow/reflection


PRINCIPLES of DESIGNS


Line: Out of the 6 elements of design, line is the strongest and most important and influential. Without line there can be no shape. Without shape there can be no form. Without form there can be no texture and there can be no pattern. Lines are powerful tools that can be used smartly to lead the viewers eyes towards the point of interest in a photograph, and alter the overall feeling and mood of an image.Shape: The second most fundamental element of design is shape, because shape is the principal element of identification. The most important thing to keep in mind when shape is the essential element in an image is that it is best defined when the subject is frontlit or backlit. For that shape to be successfully identifiable, it needs to be in strong contrast with its surroundings so that it is detached from the clutter around it.Form: Form is basically a three-dimensional shape, and is best accentuated by side lighting since it casts soft elegant shadows, and the difference between light and shadows gives a better illustration of the depth of an object and amplifies the sensual understanding of its meaning and message.Texture: No design element is more capable of moving your deep emotions than texture. The challenge of seeing and capturing texture is mostly based on one element – light. Texture can be accentuated by the side light of early sunny mornings or early evenings, or by overhead light when the sun is vertical and high in the sky.Pattern: Life is full of patterns. It is all part of our cosmic existence, for without patterns our lives would be utter chaos. Most patterns we don’t recognize or we overlook because of our busy, routine-driven, daily lives.Color: Color is characterized by attributes such as value, hue, and saturation. Colors, and how they’re arranged, can either make or break a shot. Different colors can send out different messages, and they indeed have an important visual weight and impact on a photo.


http://revision4gcses.wordpress.com/media-studies/camera-anglesmovementshots/

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Shot length:
1) Extreme Long Shot (ELS):
Extreme Long Shot’s are used mainly to set the scene of the movie you are trying to create. It usually shows the outside of a building or even a landscape to give the audience a brief idea of where the scene takes place.


2)Long Shot (LS):
This shot is difficult to use because it determines the actual size of an object you are trying to show. This corresponds with the real distance between the audience and the screen in a cinema or the TV.The shot requires a FULL SHOT showing the entire human body with the head near the top of the frame and the feet near the bottom, not cropping anything out. The background near human body is still shows but only at the sides.

3) Medium Shot (MS):
A Medium Shot is usually used for dialogue scenes, only showing the human from the waist and upwards. If more than three figures are shown in the scene then this eventually becomes a long shot. People use these shots because they want the audience to concentrate more on the people and very little setting is shown – probably the director has already shown the setting of the scene before this shot and it is no longer needed to be repeated on a wide scale.The Medium Shot is very similar to the Over-the-shoulder which positions the camera behind a person only showing the back of the head and shoulder.

4) Close-Up Shot (CUS):
A Close-Up Shot is mainly used to concentrate on a face or a particular Mis-en-scene showing very little background. The director may choose to make the background a blur to gain the audience’s attention on what he/she wants to be mainly seen. Close-Up Shots can be focused on objects or a character’s facial expression which takes up the mind of the character.


5) Extreme Close-Up Shot (ECU):
The Extreme Close-Up Shot magnifies beyond what the human eye would imagine in reality. An extreme close-up of a face of a human would only show the eyes or the mouth covering up the whole screen with no background included. This shot is usually used to make a dramatic and tense effect.