photographyjamie ngo

Definition & EtymologyThe art or practice of taking and processing pictures. The word photography comes from the Greek words phōtós which means light, and gráphe which means to draw. Together it means "drawing or painting with light". The word was created by Sir John Frederick William Herschel in 1839. The firstpermanent photograph was produced by Joseph Nicephore Niepce in 1826 who was a French inventor.
Uses for Photography
Some of the uses for photogrpahy include, research (scientists use it to study and record movements, for ex. human locomotion), Capturing special moments, telling a story, memories of favourite times, sending messages, advertising, documenting historic events as well as for decorations.

Industries that use Photography
All industries use photography at some point time but here are just some of a few, they include, Fashion, Sports, Art, Businesses, Medical, etc.

Genres of Photography
Just like there are many different genres in books, the same also applies to photography. There are too many to name, but here are just a few of the many different types of photography:Advertising, Fashion, Still Life, Nature, Landscape, Architectural, Portrait, Documentary, Aerial, Forensic, Black and White, and Animals.

Professions related to Photography
Photojournalism, animator, Forensics photographer, industrial/commercial photographer, and much more.
Five Amazing Photographs
external image PICS+006.jpgexternal image TP03.jpegexternal image Photography-Tumblr-photography-18502968-500-375_large.jpgIn this first photograph, I love the colours that are used in it. The colours are so fun, bright and they all go so well together. In the second photograph, the glare on the top creates a summery feel that helps emphaize the picture. The glare at the top makes you feel like the sun is shining at you. This picture just reminds you of the summer weather, and how beautiful open fields are like in the summer. This last photograph is simple, but it shows how the edit that they add can really give a different feel in the picture. I really like the colours of the edit they used on the photograph. It's a simple photograph, when you look at it, the main focus on this picture is the tattoo its self.

external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ7X-Pi91YIxGQ5AaolQLgWQ7XntFfS874Grg_B_QU-d3l5BR5dexternal image image first photograph is also simple, but it gives so much meaning. I think that since the photograph is black and white, it gives it much more of a deeper meaning. The paper with the word THE PAST is nice and clear, while the background is blurred to make it stand out more.

Photography Do's & Dont's + Tips &Tricks
Here are some of the tips and tricks on photography. 1. Alter your perspective, changing the angle you shoot from can give you that 'wow' factor. 2. Play with eye contact, it's amazing how much the direction of your subject's eyes can impact an image. You can try looking off the camera, or looking within the frame. 3. Experiment with lighting. 4. Shoot Candidly, sometimes posed shots can look somewhat posed. Some people don't look good in a posed environment, so switching up to a candid apporach can work. There are also things that you should keep in mind while taking a photograph such as focus point, colours, lighting, etc.You should also take a lot of photos, and be open to everything. Things that you shouldn't do: Edit originals, email photos, never copy anyone elses work.

Principles of Design
Balance-Placement of photographic elements are done in a way that create a visual equilibrium. Blance can be symmetrical or asymmetrical.

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Gradation- Adds movement to a shape. Gradation refers to a gradual change in the linear perspective, shapes or color shades in the scene.
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Repetition- Repetition with variation is interesting, without variation repetition can become monotonous.

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Contrast- It is very important princple in the photographic design because it adds a high level of interest to the photograph.Contrast in a photographic perspective is used in a metaphorical sense. It is achieved by huxtaposing two or more elements that have distinct visual properties. Examples of elements that help achieve a contrast : Lines (thick/bold against thin/delicate), size (big against small), colour (opposite colours on the colour wheel), value (difference in the shades and tones), texture (smooth against a textured surface).

Harmony- This arrangement of similar elements in a photographic composition render a visual satisfaction because the uniform relationship between the elements provide a sense of unity. In order to make every element indulge in a complimentary relationship with each other, the principle of harmony takes help of patterns, lines, textures and shapes that either repeat rhythmically or randomly to attain an interesting arrangement. All these elements in the same image fall together in the composition to represent harmony in the photograph.

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Dominance/Emphasis-When an object acts as the center of attraction in a photograph. It's when a particular point in a photograph composition grabs the most attention compared to the others.
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Unity- The overall arrangement of all the photographic elements in a regular and consistent manner, so that they all compliment each other and work in unison to portray that everything falls into its place. When all the above given principles of design work in perfect synchronization, unity is achieved. If anything looks out of place or “does not belong” to the picture then unity is missing.

Camera Angles: The camera angle marks the specific location at which a camera is placed to take a shot. A scene may be shot from several camera angles. This will give different experience and sometimes emotion, the different camera angles will have different effects on the viewer and how they perceive the scene that is shot. Here are some of the many different types: High angle shot: A shot in which the camera is higher than the subject of the picture. Flat angle shot: A shot in which the camera is on the same level as the subject of the picture. Low angle shot: A shot in which the camera is lower than the subject of the picture

Shot lengths: Refers to the distance between where the camera is taking the picture and the subject of the picture. (ex, extreme closeup, medium shot, long shot)
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Types of Lighting: Side lighting, back lighting, rim lighting, ambient lighting, soft/ diffused lighting, hard lighting, spot lighting, artifical lighting.